- Socialist Party Of America
- (SPA)Founded in 1901 from factions of the Social Democratic Party, the Socialist Labor Party, Christian Democrats and others, the Socialist Party of America was committed to peaceful, democratic reforms as a means of achieving socialism. By 1912 it had 118,000 members, 1,000 of whom were in public office, and its candidate for the American presidency, Eugene Debs, gained 900,672 votes. Opposition to United States involvement in World War I led to a number of its members, including Debs, being imprisoned. The 1917 Russian Revolution saw the party split with Bolshevik sympathizers forming their own communist party. Support for the party declined after this with various splits and mergers marking its history and no party of its name existing today, although the Social Democrats, United States of America, and the Socialist Party of the United States of America both have their roots in the SPA.
Historical dictionary of Marxism. David Walker and Daniel Gray . 2014.
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